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Chongqing, one of the world’s biggest megacities

Chongqing is a landlocked municipality in the center of China, between Sichuan and Hubei.
The municipality includes some other cities, and together the population is over 30 million people.
It has been historically an important city for China. During World War II it was the center of resistance for the Republic of China after Nanjing.
It is the biggest municipality of China, both in population (around half of Italy) and sheer size (comparable to Austria).

Map of China’s provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions and special administrative regions. Source: chokkicx / Getty Images

A mountain city between rivers

Chongqing is in between mountains and rivers, and therefore it has a very particular urban center. The climate is humid subtropical. The summers are very hot and with high humidity, and winters are pretty short.

Chongqing is one of the places with less sunshine in China, with only 1055 hours of sunshine per year in average. Around 100 days every year it is covered by fog. This is one of the reasons that prevented it from being occupied during World War II.

Chongqing, the biggest emerging city of China

Chongqing is by far the most interesting and biggest emerging city of China.
Its position, for example, allows access to Western and Central China.
The primary sector includes coal, natural gas (amounting to 20% of the total Chinese natural gas), the biggest strontium reserve of the country and other minerals, as well as agriculture.
Both local and foreign automotive companies produce in Chongqing, for example Chang’An and Ford.
Chongqing’s second sector production include also defense industry, steelworks and metalworks. As for aluminum production, the biggest producer of Asia are located in Chongqing.
Chongqing also has an important role as a trading port. Although it is landlocked, even big ships can reach it thanks to the wide rivers and massive infrastructure such as the Three Gorges Dam.
The city is also part of the Western Triangle Economic Zone, together with Xi’an (in Shaanxi), and Chengdu (in Sichuan).

Urban and historical culture merge together

While Chongqing’s food culture is strictly connected to Sichuan cuisine, there are still many interesting tourist spots in Chongqing. The city itself attracts many visitors, due to its particular structure. Yet, there are many historical sites from both the ancient history of China (some with more than 1000 years history) and the recent one (especially World War II).
There are also many natural sites just outside the city.

Chongqing is definitely one of the most important cities of China. Although it is not on the same tier with cities like Shenzhen, Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou, it is definitely getting close. It has been considered by many among the cities with the biggest investment potential of China in the past few years. Considering the enormous efforts done to connect it to the rest of China with proper highways and railroads, things are certainly getting better and better for Chongqing.

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