Guizhou is a landlocked province of South-Western China. It has been part of China since the annexation by Han dynasty in 106 B.C.
Guizhou was also one of the remote areas where the Communist Party of China retreated during the Long March, together with Shaanxi.
The population is quite small with just more than 30 million people. There are consistent minorities, as more than 37% of the population is not Han. Miao, Bouyei, Dong, Tujia, Gelao, Sui and Yi ethnics are all living in Guizhou.
The capital is Guiyang, with around 4 million inhabitants.
Guizhou, cradle of multi-culturalism
Guizhou is fairly mountainous, and has a subtropical humid climate. Its particular environment, combined with scarce population, let many animal species thrive in Guizhou, among which are birds and salamanders.
Some important cities are Zunyi, Bijie, Liupanshui and Anshun, although their urban area doesn’t even reach a million inhabitants. Furthermore, more than half of the territory of Guizhou is taken by autonomous prefectures managed by ethnic minorities, who at times still live according to their own ancient customs.
Home to Maotai, national drink of China
Guizhou has a fairly underdeveloped economy and infrastructure. Among its core businesses are forestry and timber, tobacco and electricity production. The latter two are among the biggest in the area – and profitable, since Guizhou exports electricity to the much richer neighbor of Guangdong. Guizhou’s territory also offers coal, limestone, arsenic, oil shale.
The capital city of Guiyang has a Economic and Technological Development Zone to boost the growth of the area.
Guizhou produces the famous Maotai (or Moutai), the most important Chinese liquor. Maotai is also one of the national drinks of China.
Another important business point, with still lots of potential, is the tourism sector.
Tourists of all kinds won’t regret seeing Guizhou
Guizhou, among Chinese provinces, has an enormous tourism potential, but it has been held back because of its inconvenient position. But while you can build infrastructure, you cannot say the same for tourism sites.
Guizhou has an incredible variety of ethnic minorities and things to see.
For those who only seek relax, such as urban workers seeking to rest far away from the chaos of the city, it offers the chance to live at a much more slower pace to recover from the stress. Rural tourism, in this sense, could be growing as China becomes richer and richer.
Guizhou’s place in China is not the best economically speaking, and it has lots of things to improve. Although it is not very developed, it is one of the rising provincial economies in China, growing faster than many of its neighbours.
For this reason we cannot ignore its potential. The difficult geographical location may actually prove convenient for investors seeking an area with small competition.